SWITCH Public DNS Resolver

SWITCH operates recursive name servers for its constituency, the Swiss research and education network. Over the last year we have continually added support for transport encryption protocols on our recursive name servers such as DNS over TLS (DoT) and more recently DNS over HTTPS (DoH). In contrast to default unencrypted DNS which runs over UDP/TCP … Continue reading “SWITCH Public DNS Resolver”

Attacks on DNS continue, targets are also in Switzerland

Attacks on the domain name system continue Talos, the intelligence group of CISCO reported in their blog that their monitoring shows that attacks on the domain name system (DNS) by “Sea Turtle” continue.  The attack technique used is similar than before, the actors compromise name server records to take ownership of the domain. They then … Continue reading “Attacks on DNS continue, targets are also in Switzerland”

Breaking security controls using subdomain hijacking

Users obtain a domain name to establish a unique identity on the Internet. Domain names are not only used to serve names and addresses of computers and services but also to store security controls, such as SPF or CAA records. Many of the Internet protocols were designed at a time where built-in security was not … Continue reading “Breaking security controls using subdomain hijacking”

SWITCH DNS recursive name service improvements with dnsdist

SWITCH operates recursive name servers for any user within the Swiss NREN. While larger universities typically run their own recursive name server, many smaller organisations rely on our resolvers for domain name resolution. During the consolidation of our name server nodes into two data centres, we looked for opportunities to improve our setup. Dnsdist is … Continue reading “SWITCH DNS recursive name service improvements with dnsdist”

A Yeti in the DNS

written by Yves Bovard Most of the time, the Internet works without any problem; we can just power on our computer and start surfing… ok, most of the time. Many things have to be reliable to make this possible: power, cables, routers, computers, software and, last but not least, the DNS. This last point is … Continue reading “A Yeti in the DNS”

Retefe with a new twist

A few months ago, we blogged about the banking trojan Retefe (Blog post in German) that was and still is targeting Switzerland. First off, Retefe is different because it only targets Switzerland, Austria and Sweden (and sometimes Japan). Contrast this to many other banking Trojans, which have a much more global and dynamic target list. … Continue reading “Retefe with a new twist”

The web is completely broken

The web is completely broken, sagt sinngemäss Jeremiah Grossman [1], ein alter Hase im Bereich der Web Application Security. Zwar vertreibt seine Firma auch einen eigenen Webbrowser mit Fokus auf Security und vor allem Privacy, Recht hat er trotzdem: Täglich verwenden wir Technologien, welche das Etikett “Broken by Design” tragen (sollten). In diesem Artikel befassen … Continue reading “The web is completely broken”

IT-Security-Links #56

“No Place to Hide” is the new book on the NSA’s sweeping efforts to “Know it All” written by Glenn Greenwald. A comprehensive review has been published on washingtonpost.com. According to this book the NSA has been covertly implanting interception tools in US network equipment heading overseas… Cisco is not amused: “Governments should not interfere with … Continue reading “IT-Security-Links #56”

Verbindungsprobleme bei der DNS Namensauflösung erkennen

Die ursprüngliche Spezifikation von DNS-Nachrichten (RFC 1035), welche über UDP gesendet werden, ist auf 512 Bytes begrenzt. Bereits Ende der Neunzigerjahre wurde mit dem “Extension Mechanisms for DNS (EDNS0)” (RFC 2671) eine Erweiterung für das DNS-Protokoll festgelegt, welche es u.a. dem Client erlaubt eine grössere Buffergrösse bekannt zu geben. Die meisten DNS Resolver-Implementierungen kündigen eine … Continue reading “Verbindungsprobleme bei der DNS Namensauflösung erkennen”

DNS Zone File Time Value Recommendations

When setting up a zone file for a domain name, the administrator can freely choose what time values he would like to set on the SOA record or regarding the Time To Live (TTL) value on the Resource Records (RR). There are already many useful documents describing recommendations for these time values but most lack … Continue reading “DNS Zone File Time Value Recommendations”

DNS Hijacking nimmt zu

Internetbenutzer die den Domainnamen nytimes.com in der Navigationsleiste ihres Browsers eingegeben hatten, sahen gestern für sechs Stunden nicht etwa die Webseite der Zeitung, sondern eine Seite der “Syrian Electronic Army” oder eine Fehlermeldung. Wie die Los Angeles Times berichtet, wurden die Zugriffs-Credentials eines Resellers von Melbourne IT missbraucht um die DNS-Einträge für nytimes.com zu ändern … Continue reading “DNS Hijacking nimmt zu”

IT-Security-Links #30

Geoff Huston (APNIC) published a long post on his DNSSEC validation measurements. Since March 2013 he has seen an rise in the number of DNSSEC validating resolvers from 3.3% to 8.1%. This increase is mainly because Googles public DNS has started to validate a few weeks ago. For Switzerland the number of validating DNSSEC resolvers … Continue reading “IT-Security-Links #30”

Analysing DNS traffic using PacketQ

Our authoritative only name-servers are every once in a while hit by strange DNS queries. To spot anomalies we use DSC (DNS Statistic Collector), which allows exploring many details of DNS requests and responses to and from our name-servers. Usually one can already get a good sense of what has happened with DSC. However often, deep … Continue reading “Analysing DNS traffic using PacketQ”

CH-Zone Opfer eines DNS-Amplifikations-Angriffes

Erst ein paar Wochen ist es her, dass wir über DDoS-Angriffe durch Reflektierende DNS-Amplifikation gepostet haben. Heute Morgen um 4 Uhr wurde nun erstmals auch die CH-Zone für einen solchen DNS-Amplifikations-Angriff missbraucht. Die DNS-Anfragen lauten auf ‘CH’. mit dem Query-Type ‘ANY’. Zusätzlich wird die EDNS-Erweiterung aktiviert, was es ermöglicht in einer UDP-Antwort mehr als 512 … Continue reading “CH-Zone Opfer eines DNS-Amplifikations-Angriffes”

DDoS-Angriffe durch Reflektierende DNS-Amplifikation vermeiden

Das DNS (Domain Name System) Protokoll ist momentan das häufigst missbrauchte Protokoll für Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) Angriffe. Wurden früher vor allem öffentlich erreichbare DNS-Resolver (Open Resolver) als Amplifikator verwendet, werden heute zunehmend autoritative DNS-Server benutzt. Was sind reflektierende DNS-Amplifikation-DDoS-Angriffe? Bei reflektierenden DNS-Amplifikation-DDoS-Angriffen versenden infizierte Clients (meistens aus einem Botnet) tausende von DNS-Anfragen an … Continue reading “DDoS-Angriffe durch Reflektierende DNS-Amplifikation vermeiden”