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SWITCH Security Report July/August 2021

Dear Reader

The latest issue of our bi-monthly SWITCH Security Report is available.

The main topics of the current report are:

  • Perhaps 1984 WAS like 1984 – a big blunder by Apple or simply brilliant advertising?
  • Pegasus: what IT users can learn from the ancient Greeks
  • The biggest hack in cryptocurrency history – fingerwagging or hacker vanity in its purest form?
  • In bed with Siri, Alexa and Uber – what is the privacy and data security situation for working from home?


> Download English Report I > Download German Report


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One more Podcast – Security Awareness Insider

There are more than 2.6 million podcasts available on Spotify. For every possible topic you can find experts, famous people or entertainers talking about it. Among podcasts evolving around politics, sports, psychology, crime or history there are also some putting the topic of information security in the spotlight.

“Back then: plant a tree, build a house, father a son. Today: have a podcast.”

A lot of security, but no awareness

If you are working in security awareness there is not much in it for you though. Most podcasts on security cover the topic by inviting one phishing simulation provider. But as you know, there is so much more to it!

This is why Marcus Beyer (Security Awareness Officer at Swisscom) and I decided to start our own podcast on security awareness only: Security Awareness Insider (in German).

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The May/June 2021 issue of our SWITCH Security Report is available!

Dear Reader!

A new issue of our bi-monthly SWITCH Security Report is available!

The topics covered in this report are:

  • Back and forth in the pipeline: hacking and rehacking the US fuel firm Colonial Pipeline with Ransomware as a Service
  • Meat and greed – the world’s largest meat processing company pays a hefty USD 11 million ransom after a ransomware attack
  • When Android devices catch the flu: FluBot, the banking trojan, spreads to Android devices
  • Russian cyber spies attack government and NGO networks

The Security Report is available in both English and German.

»»  Download the English report.     »»  Download the German report.

Mobile Malware


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Android FluBot enters Switzerland

FluBot is a new Android malware first discovered in December 2020. During the first few months, FluBot has been active in Spain, Hungary and Poland. Since then, the development of the malware advanced quickly and the malware has set foot in almost all European countries.

On the 18th of June 2021 FluBot version 4.6 was spotted which added a configuration for Switzerland. As of today it is actively being spamertized through SMS.

Alias Names

FluBot is known by different names. The name “FluBot” is best known because this was the name given in the first public technical writing. Below the reference to the most well known aliases:

  • January 2021, ThreatFabric was the first to give it the name “Cabassous” in a Twitter post
  • March 2021, ProDaft published a detailed technical report and gave it the name “FluBot”
  • April 2021, IBM Trusteer took a deeper look at the different FluBot versions and gave it the name “FakeChat

Distribution

FluBot is distributed using smishing (a combination from the words SMS and phishing). The victim receives an SMS with a link to an URL which distributes the APK. The installation is straight forward using sideloading.

If the recipient device is not an Android mobile phone or the fraudster does not want to distribute the malware at that time, the URL redirects the user to a scam website or with the Voicemail lure we have seen a redirection to the Voicemail app from Deutsche Telekom AG on the Google Playstore.

FluBot SMS are typically sent from other infected mobile phones. If the number of infected devices within a country is not very high it has been seen that infected devices from other countries are used to send the SMS.

The SMS text message may vary as do the URLs. Sometimes they talk about parcel delivery using brands such as DHL or UPS. The current campaign in Switzerland uses Voicemail as a lure. The malware distributed in Switzerland from the smishing URLs are currently all FluBot samples. However, this may change as in other countries it has been seen that another well known trojan called Anatsa is dropped instead. See also tweet by ThreatFabric.

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The March/April 2021 issue of our SWITCH Security Report is available!

Dear Reader!

A new issue of our bi-monthly SWITCH Security Report is available!

The topics covered in this report are:

  • Exploit on Exchange – vulnerabilities in Microsoft Exchange servers trigger a red alert
  • Learning by doing – data leaks discovered in the Swiss Army’s cyber training school
  • Rocky start(up) at Verkada – 150,000 surveillance cameras hacked
  • Refunds from the remorseful Ziggy ransomware gang
  • Data scraping on Facebook and LinkedIn: big data brings big damage

The Security Report is available in both English and German.

»»  Download the English report.     »»  Download the German report.


The January/February 2021 issue of our SWITCH Security Report is available!

Dear Reader!

A new issue of our bi-monthly SWITCH Security Report is available!

The topics covered in this report are:

  • Dependency confusion – when trust is too good to be true
  • Water hacking – not a new trendy sport, but a serious threat
  • Emotet: the king is dead – let there be no successor!
  • Rumours of its death are greatly exaggerated: how phishing mailers trick cutting-edge security filters with good old Morse code

The Security Report is available in both English and German.

»»  Download the English report.     »»  Download the German report.


The November/December 2020 issue of our SWITCH Security Report is available!

Dear Reader!

A new issue of our bi-monthly SWITCH Security Report is available!

The topics covered in this report are:

  • Choose your team carefully – hackers use fake MS Teams updates to attack networks, especially those of educational institutions
  • Audacious coronavirus relief phishing delivers an extra malware ‘bonus’ on request and creates a challenge for BEC
  • Stopping the attempt to stop online hate speech?
  • Close the gates before it’s too late: what Sneakers and the Internet of Things have in common

The Security Report is available in both English and German.

»»  Download the English report.     »»  Download the German report.


The .ch zone file will be published as open data

The Swiss Federal council adopted the lower laws to the telecommunicaiton act today. Amongst it is the Ordinance on Internet Domains that also regulates the ccTLD .ch. SWITCH-CERT welcomes the new ordinance and the smart regulation by the Federal Office of Communications (OFCOM). The Ordinance on Internet Domains will come to power on 1.1.2021 and has some important changes.

The most obvious ist that the personal data of domain holders will no longer be published in the public whois, following other European countries and the GDPR. This is an important change to protect the privacy of Domain holders. There will be a regulated and monitored access for Swiss Authorities and others that require that data for fighting cybercrime or have other legitimate reasons to get access to the identity of a domain holder. You can find more information on the SWITCH website.

Not so obvious, but from the CERT and security persepective as important is that the .ch zone file will be published as a whole. While the data about (active) .ch domains itself has been published in the distributed Domain Name System ever since, the file containing all domain names – the .ch “zone” – was never public. This will change as of January 2021, details on how to access the .ch zone file will be published at the SWITCH open data page soon.

The .ch zone file contains all registered .ch domain names that have a NS record that points to the nameserver that gives authoritative answers for that domain name. If a domain is registered but has no NS record, it will not be published in the .ch zone file and cannot be resolved, the domain is not active, the website and email are not reachable by Internet users. The .ch zone file is an entry point to query all active .ch domain names for domain data at the authoritative nameserver. This data contains the (IP) addresses for webservers, for email and other public reachable services. It also contains information about who runs the infrastructure and allows the mapping to a country or geolocation. It is also visible which new technologies like IPv6 are used or what security features (DNSSEC, DANE, SPF, DMARC) are used or which Certificate Authority is indicated. This gives direct information about technological and economic details for all active .ch domain names. All this is already done by different initiatives. The publishing of the .ch zone file will give the possibility to make these data collection on .ch domain names complete.

Zone files of most TLDs are available. Generic TLDs (gTLDs) like .org and .com have to publish their zone file via ICANNs Centralized Zone Data System (CZDS) and also some other ccTLD registiries publish their zone file.

One of the possibilities with this information is to see recently activated domain names. This allows security researchers and authorities to monitor these names for potential harmfull activities like phishing or online fraud. Having access to the .ch zone file, they can react fast on malicious registrations and prevent damages for Internet users.

But fighting cybercrime was not the only reason to publish the .ch zone. Switzerland has a law on Open-Government-Data-Strategy that follows the open-by-default strategy. As the zone file contains no personal data, the publishing of the .ch zone file is in line with that law and we hope that open data researchers, public archives and others that look a the Swiss Internet can make use of this data for the public interest. We think that the .ch zone file is an important piece of information to better understand the economic, social and technological impact of the digital transformation in Switzerland. As almost everything in the Internet uses a domain name, changes in domain names can be important signals to detect ongoing or historic changes.

We welcome and encourage any public archives of historic and derived data by organisations and individuals who can add value to the .ch zone file. If you publish data like scan results or statistics, please let us know at cert@switch.ch.

 


GÉANT and Cyber Security Month with Security awareness at the Paul Scherrer Institute


Cyber Security Month with GÉANT – “Become a cyber hero”

The European data network for the research and education community GÉANT interconnects national research and education networks (NRENs) like SWITCH across Europe, enabling collaboration virtually and accelerate research, drive innovation and enrich education.

Also this year GÉANT joins the European Cyber Security Month, an initiative launched by ENISA, EC DG CONNECT and a variety of partners, to raise security awareness within the European community. With the tagline «Become a cyber hero» GÉANT publishes practical tips, case studies and articles on social engineering, phishing, password security and ransomware throughout October. The content is provided by experts within the community.

SWITCH-CERT is proud to share with you one of the interesting contributions from the Swiss NREN. Read about Björn Abt, IT Security Officer at the Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI), talking about their approach to security awareness:

Continue reading


The September/October 2020 issue of our SWITCH Security Report is available!

Dear Reader!

A new issue of our bi-monthly SWITCH Security Report is available!

The topics covered in this report are:

  • Ransomware – the new normal of digital extortion
  • A murky supply chain – how hackers profited from Cumulus data
  • Smisherman’s Friends – a new wave of smishing attacks is washing over Europe and Switzerland

The Security Report is available in both English and German.

»»  Download the English report.     »»  Download the German report.


Growing support for open security standards in Switzerland

Open security standards are essential for a secure and resilient Internet in Switzerland and protect the privacy of Swiss Internet users. The adoption rate for Internet security standards like DNSSEC, DANE and DMARC in Switzerland is still low compared to the leading countries in Europe, but there is more and more support from the Internet industry, authorities and not for profit organizations in Switzerland.

Why are open security standards so important?

The implementation of open security standards that come out of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), reduce the attack surface of the domain/service owner. But even more important, a growing implementation rate reduces the attack surface of the internet as a whole and makes the life of cyber criminals and state actors more challenging. Open security standards provide different mechanisms to secure our communication on the internet, most important encryption and authentication. Encryption keeps our communication on the internet confidential and prevents third parties from reading our emails and tracking on which web sites users spend their time. Authentication allows us to identify and authenticate our communications partners, it makes sure that we are not on a fake website or send emails or our login credentials to a rogue email server. Continue reading


The July/August 2020 issue of our SWITCH Security Report is available!

Dear Reader!

A new issue of our bi-monthly SWITCH Security Report is available!

The topics covered in this report are:

  • Aimless navigation – Garmin scrambling to regain its bearings after hacking incident
  • Hacking with a heavy hand: German intelligence is making a push to install hardware directly with internet providers and reroute internet traffic
  • A protection shield minus the protection – ECJ declares Privacy Shield unlawful
  • A night(mare) of celebrities – The ‘biggest Twitter hack of all times’ raises questions about the security of the network

The Security Report is available in both English and German.

»»  Download the English report.     »»  Download the German report.


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The Mai/June 2020 issue of our SWITCH Security Report is available!

Dear Reader!

A new issue of our bi-monthly SWITCH Security Report is available!

The topics covered in this report are:

  • The coronavirus: a blessing for some, a curse for others – where is IT security at with contactless payment?
  • You’ve got mail (and malware too) – serious security gap in Apple’s Mail app on iPads and iPhones now closed
  • Everything must go – ‘Shade’ hackers ‘shut down’ and publish hundreds of thousands of decryption keys
  • Swiss users targeted by cybercriminals
  • Elite targets – ETH supercomputers Euler and Leonhard (and more) hacked

The Security Report is available in both English and German.

»»  Download the English report.     »»  Download the German report.


The March/April 2020 issue of our SWITCH Security Report is available!

Dear Reader!

A new issue of our bi-monthly SWITCH Security Report is available!

The topics covered in this report are:

  • The coronavirus has company – a pandemic of computer viruses
  • The ten most important rules for working securely from home
  • Online meetings – how secure are Cisco Webex and Zoom?
  • For real? Ransomware gangs develop a ‘code of honour’ in the coronavirus pandemic

The Security Report is available in both English and German.

»»  Download the English report.     »»  Download the German report.


The Jan/Feb 2020 issue of our SWITCH Security Report is available!

Dear Reader!

A new issue of our bi-monthly SWITCH Security Report is available!

The topics covered in this report are:

  • When backdoors become trapdoors: ‘Crypto Leaks’ hits Switzerland, Crypto Valley – and the entire ecosystem
  • I, Robot, ZigBee and IoT
  • Sure, it’s secure! Are you sure?
  • A different kind of virus: China launches its Close Contact Detector app for smartphones

The Security Report is available in both English and German.

»»  Download the English report.     »»  Download the German report.